Four dental schools are sharing $100,000 in competitive grants from the American Dental Association Foundation (ADAF) to conduct oral health research. Entries from the winning schools were in response to a request for proposals (RFP) in support of evidenced-based dental research. The RFP was for systematic literature reviews, seeking answers to four questions in three oral health areas: root canal therapy, teeth alignment, and professional dental cleanings.

Applicants from Loma Linda, Calif, University School of Dentistry and University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry received funds to compare the clinical, biological, and psychosocial outcomes of treating a single tooth with a root canal, tooth extraction, tooth extraction with implant placement, or placement of a fixed partial denture. Their proposal also called for the investigation of the long-term effects of root-canal therapy compared with tooth extraction and implant placement.

Researchers at the University of Washington’s School of Dentistry in Seattle will use their award to determine if correcting malocclusion in children and adults reduces those  patients’ risk of developing periodontal disease.

Recipients at Boston University’s Goldman School of Dental Medicine will use their grant to address how often professional dental cleanings are required to prevent periodontal disease in patients at risk and not at risk for developing the disease.

[www.ada.org, May 23, 2006]